ICM (Image Color Management) is a Windows colour control function to match apparent colour between different devices such as a monitor and a printer. Apparent colour on the monitor and on the printout is matched based on International Color Consortium (ICC) profiles.

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There are three methods of Colour Correction can be applied to satisfy the end user:

When to use each option?

Colour options Why this option? Print quality
Vivid Simplest and first option to test colours. Default Vivid Color values are optimised; but allows you to tweak the colours and appearance. This colour space conforms to Adobe RGB, a popular choice for photographic images.
Epson ICC profile More advanced colour matching, where brand is important. Use “Epson Standard” to select the best profile based on media, ink type, print mode combination.
Own ICC profile If Epson ICC profile doesn’t match customer requirements. Used in most cases where the customer uses their own media and are able to produce ICC profiles.
None - (Older driver version may instead indicate "No Composite") Alternative option to choose ICC profile or Color Correction from application instead of the driver, printer of OS. If no ICC profile is provided, the result may appear darker than default Vivid Colors.

Setting on the printer Driver for VIVID Color

This method can be generally used to print VIVID labels, easily adjustable using the Printer Preferences Color Correction Mode setting.

Select Printer preferences

  1. Select Vivid Colors from Color Correction Mode
  2. Click on Color Correction Button
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You can easily see the comparison of original image vs the Preview as below:
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This allow the user to preview the adjustment of Brightness, Contrast, and Saturation as shown above with the following methods:

Color Circle
Click on the circle to adjust the colour. Also, user can adjust the colour by entering values in the [Horizontal and [Vertical] boxes.

Slide Bar
User can easily move the Cyan, Magenta, and Yellow slide bars to adjust colour.

Setting using ICM of Windows OS

As explained earlier, ICM is a Windows colour control function and it is matched based on ICC profiles. An ICC profile is a file that describes characteristics of the device such as a monitor and a printer according to ICC standards. It is recommended to use the genuine media & the installed ICC profile.

However, if users want to use other media and ICM, they must create their own ICC profile.

How to make original printer profile. (See TRG section Procedure for Creating an ICC Profile)

To create an ICC profile, you need a colorimeter and a software program that generates an ICC profile.

How to set it up in the Printer Driver

Select Printer preferences:

  1. Select ICM from Color Correction Mode.
  2. Click on Color Correction Button.
  3. Epson provides ICC profiles for genuine papers:
    • There are total of 50 files are installed in the following folder when installing the Epson driver: C:\Windows\System32\spool\drivers\color
  4. Output ICC profiles can be selected from each combination of media type, print quality and ink type.
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  5. All installed printer profiles are displayed.
    Note:

    ICC profiles for MK stand for Matte model and BK stand for Gloss Model.

  6. This is where you can select your own printer profile.
  7. ICC Profile Installation Location:
    • C:\Windows\System32\spool\drivers\color

Rendering Intent

There is an “intent” section in the ICM as shown below picture:
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This is to aid Gamut Mapping for ICC profile:

  1. Reproduce the closest colour by rearranging all the colours of an image inside the printer gamut.
  2. There is a high degree of freedom for gamut mapping strategy because there is no perfect gamut mapping.
  3. ICC defined four type of gamut mapping. They are called “rendering intent” as:
    Rendering Intent Description
    Perceptual Smooth gradation takes priority.
    Good for photo images.
    Absolute colorimetric Minimum delta-E takes priority.
    Good for spot color matching.
    Relative colorimetric Minimum delta-E takes priority.
    Paper white compensation is applied.
    Good for proofing.
    Saturation Preserving Chroma takes priority.
    Good for business graph, CG images.

Setting using Application – No Composite Mode

Let the application to do all the work.

Select Printer preferences:

  1. Select NO COMPOSITE from Color Correction Mode (Your driver may show the option “None” instead of “No Composite”).
  2. Once selected, the Color Correction button disappears.
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  3. Select the appropriate colour handling from the application Print Option, i.e. as below (for Adobe Photoshop™). Alternate Text

For information how to use SpotColor with C6x00 Series, please refer to the following article:

References: